Why Russians may not be allowed to go abroad
Have you already bought a ticket and are about to go on a trip abroad? Then carefully read this article so as not to lose the long-awaited vacation due to problems with passing the border control …
Every year in Russia there are more and more people who are forbidden to cross the border. According to the Federal Service of Bailiffs (FSSP), in April this year their number was about 2.5 million people (for comparison, three years ago – only 700 thousand) – these are citizens with various debts.
The travel portal tourweek.ru found out why the Russians are deploying at the border and what to do if this happens.
How it works?
The border crossing procedure for debtors is regulated by paragraph 67 “Temporary restrictions on the debtor’s departure from the Russian Federation” of Federal Law No. 229 “On Enforcement Proceedings”. The scheme looks like this: if a citizen has a debt (further we will consider what kind of debts it is and for what amounts) and there is a court decision on collecting it, the bailiff opens the enforcement proceedings. At the same time, the corresponding notification shall be sent to the debtor by registered letter.
If the debt is not repaid within five days, the bailiff has the right to make a decision temporarily restricting the debtor’s departure abroad.
You can check whether there is such a ban on leaving on the website of the Federal Bailiff Service (FSSP), where the number of the enforcement process is indicated, if it exists, as well as in your personal account on the public services website. As a rule, the debt threshold for restricting exit is 30 thousand rubles. However, if the debtor has not paid off all the debt within two months, the bailiff has the right to impose a ban on leaving and with an amount of less than 10 thousand rubles. In this case, the restriction should be removed the next day after the funds have been paid.
What can they deploy at the border?
Debt of more than 30 thousand rubles to banks and microfinance organizations. Most often they restrict travel abroad for this reason. Last year, the threshold was increased to 30 thousand rubles, previously it was 10 thousand.
Debts of more than 10 thousand rubles for utilities. A fresh example is given on the FSSP website: a resident of Irkutsk was slowed down at the airport’s border control and removed from the Moscow-Prague flight because the woman’s debt for housing and communal services exceeded 150 thousand rubles, and she ignored court decisions to dismantle the illegally constructed trade stall. The woman turned to relatives who completely paid off the debt for the “communal apartment”, but she was allowed to go abroad only after the demolition of the stall.
Debts of more than 30 thousand rubles in taxes and fines of the State Inspectorate for Road Safety (STSI). The presence of such debts can be checked on the website of public services.
Can they not release with debts of 10 thousand rubles?
Sometimes such an amount is enough – for example, if it is a debt for child support. Such a common reason for the ban is also popular. According to December 2016, in Russia the debt on alimony amounted to about 100 billion rubles. More severe measures can be applied to alimony, but, according to the FSSP, the ban on leaving also works. Also, the threshold of 10 thousand rubles is set when compensating for harm to health or harm in connection with the death of the breadwinner, in recovering non-pecuniary damage as a result of a crime or property damage.
Can they stop at the border without debt?
Although such cases are much more rare, but still they occur. Among other reasons for failure:
There is no medical insurance for the trip. She is not asked in all countries, but in some (for example, the Baltic states) this question is almost mandatory for border guards. But it’s a shame when the trip breaks down because of such a trifle.
A rather absurd, but still possible case: a passport may become invalid when peeling a photo or defective lamination. If this happens, contact the FMS, where the document is either “repaired” or a new one is issued.
In the end: what needs to be done before traveling abroad?
Carefully read this article again and be sure to check in advance:
debts in banks and utilities, fines and taxes of the traffic police;
Are there any debts on child support?
Is medical insurance issued?
Is your foreign passport in order?