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Sea of ​​Azov: ten interesting and little-known facts

Much has been written about the rest on the Sea of ​​Azov, its advantages and disadvantages are described in detail …

However, there is surprisingly little information about this sea of ​​information besides addressed to specialists. And this despite the fact that the Sea of ​​Azov is largely unusual, scientists believe that it was formed as a result of a global natural disaster around 5600 BC. e., that is, already in historical times. In this article we tried to eliminate some of the gaps in the knowledge of tourists who are happy to relax in the resorts of the warm and sunny Azov coast, and we provide here little-known information about the Sea of ​​Azov.

Shoal and other “records”
Perhaps that everyone knows that the Sea of ​​Azov is the shallowest in the world. The greatest depth – 13.7 meters, by sea standards – a trifle. But few know about the other “world record” that belongs to him. The Sea of ​​Azov among the inland seas of the planet is the most remote from the World Ocean. Including from the Atlantic Ocean, to the basin of which it belongs. Another all-Russian “record” is the smallest sea of ​​all washing the coast of our country.

Sea of ​​Azov – shallow water and other “records”

Heat and ice
The temperature in the upper layers of the water in the resort areas of the coast in the summer sometimes rises to 30 degrees Celsius. And in winter, bays and bays in the same areas are often covered with ice. In history, there are cases when the water area of ​​the Sea of ​​Azov was covered with ice almost completely.

Ice on the Sea of ​​Azov

Who cares, who shark …
Many large and small rivers flow into the Sea of ​​Azov, bringing annually millions of cubic meters of fresh water. And the narrow Kerch Strait cannot provide him with real, “sea” salinity; it is three times lower here than the average in the World Ocean. Low salinity leads to natural paradoxes. So, in the Sea of ​​Azov there are river fish, such as pike perch, crucian carp, pike.

In the Sea of ​​Azov there are river fish such as pike perch, crucian carp, pike
And they are here next to stingrays, sharks and even dolphins! True, sharks are small, quite safe and are extremely rare off the coast.

Shark Katran in the Sea of ​​Azov
And the waves are quiet …
The Sea of ​​Azov can also be called the “quietest” in the world. The highest wave that has ever been observed here did not exceed 4 meters. On average, the height of storm waves in the seas and oceans is 7-8 meters, waves (tsunamis) with a height of more than 30 meters are known, but no such disasters were noted on the Sea of ​​Azov.

Storm warning on the Sea of ​​Azov, 2 meter waves

Kerch Strait expands
In 1068, Gleb Svyatoslavovich, the Russian prince who ruled Tmutarakan at that time (the farthest Russian principality, at the mouth of the Kuban), measured the distance between the extreme points of the Taman and Kerch peninsulas on ice. This was the first known attempt to measure the width of the Kerch Strait. The measurement showed a result of about 20 kilometers. Today, after 950 years, this distance has increased by three kilometers. Either the prince was mistaken, or the strait has expanded over the years – there is no consensus among scientists.

Kerch Strait

It also glows!
If you are lucky, and you go to rest on the Sea of ​​Azov in August, you will be able to witness an amazing sight – the night glow of the sea. The popular belief that algae shines is wrong. There are even less grounds for speculation about some connection between this glow and the level of radiation. Scientists call this natural phenomenon “bioluminescence”, its reason is the accumulation of a large number of living microorganisms at the surface of sea water.

Sea of ​​Azov glows at night

Clean, azure …
Another erroneous opinion about the Sea of ​​Azov is based on stories of some unprecedented turbidity of its water. Actually, the Azov water is very clean, the sand covering the seabed and located quite close to the sea surface is an excellent natural filter. Waves and wind can sometimes lift sand from the bottom, and the water may get a little muddy, but the wind subsides – and the water again becomes transparent, with a beautiful azure hue.

Sea of ​​Azov – clear, clear water without jellyfish and algae

Beyond the four seas
As mentioned above, the Sea of ​​Azov is the most remote from the oceans. It is separated from the “native” Atlantic Ocean by as many as four “intermediate” seas – the Black, Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean. Therefore, as well as due to the narrowness of the Kerch Strait, there is never an ebb or tide.

Sea of ​​Azov – the most remote from the oceans

Deep and expensive
At the bottom of the Sea of ​​Azov, more precisely, in the bowels of the earth beneath its water area, and in coastal areas are large deposits of oil and gas. Fortunately for vacationers and fishermen, they are not developed, the mining process is considered too time-consuming and expensive.

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